Course Objective:

     This course is aimed at improving the delegate’s knowledge about various aspects of the oil & gas production operations process and troubleshooting. Furthermore, the participant will gain knowledge of the key risks in the operations, products and equipments used in the gathering plants and learn the fundamentals of drawing interpretation.

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Who Should Attend:

              • Process, mechanical and maintenance engineers, project engineers
              • Oil and Gas Production Field Personnel, Operations and Maintenance Supervisors,

                  Technician and Support Engineers.
              • Recent engineering graduates
              • Inspectors and other operations and maintenance technical personnel involved in the

                  operation and maintenance of process equipment and piping systems
              • It would also be of benefit to safety and other support staff who have an interest in

                  increasing their understanding of Oil and Gas Operations.

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Course Contents:

          • Key Design Considerations, Guidelines and Practices
                          0 Process Equipment - An Overview 
                          0 Plant Integrity and Reliability
                                         Interdependence of engineering, operation and maintenance
                                         Management of change 
                          0 Fitness for Purpose
                                         Service conditions, equipment sizing and functional performance
                                         Business-Focused-Facilities – Appropriate quality at lowest life cycle cost 
                          0 Safety by Design
                                         Worst foreseeable credible scenarios, safeguarding, best industry practices.
                                         Codes, Standards, Industry Practices 
                          0 Compliance with Regulations and Acts - HS&E requirements and considerations


          • Design and Operation of Pressure Equipment
                          0 Pressure Vessels and Reactors
                                         Materials of construction and standards
                                         Basic Design Methodology
                                         ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Sections 2, 5, 8 and 9.
                                         Worked examples 
                          0 Storage Tanks
                                         Types and application; cone roof tanks, floating roof tanks
                                         Basic design methodology
                                          Overview of API 650 
                          0 Piping Systems 
                                          Materials of construction and standards
                                         Basic Design Methodology – hydraulic design, pressure integrity,

                                            mechanical integrity.
                                         ASME B31.1 and B31.3 
                                         Piping flexibility and support
                                         Piping system components – valves and fittings; classes, ratings
                                         Worked Examples 
                         0 Overpressure Protection
                                         Types and application of pressure relieving devices
                                         Code requirements 
                                         Sizing methodology; API 520 and 521
                                         Specific operation and maintenance requirements; API 576


          • Design and Operation of Thermal Equipment
                         0 Process Heaters
                                         Types and configuration; box type, vertical cylindrical type
                                         Thermal and mechanical design
                                         API 560, API 530 
                         0 Boilers
                                         Types and configuration; watertube, firetube and waste heat recovery boilers
                                         Fundamentals of design and operation
                                         Operating efficiency and testing
                                         ASME B&PVC Section 1 and Section 4, ASME PTC-4 
                        0 Heat Exchangers
                                         Types and application; Shell & Tube Heat Exchangers, Plate Heat

                                              Exchangers, Air Cooled Heat Exchangers

                                         Thermal and mechanical design 
                                         Overview of TEMA standards, API 660, API 661
                                         Operation, fouling, and effectiveness


          • Design and Operation of Fluid Handling Equipment
                          0 Pumps 
                                         Types and application; Centrifugal, Positive Displacement 
                                         Performance characteristics
                                         Selection and design considerations and standards; ANSI, API 610
                                         Worked examples
                         0 Compressors 
                                         Types and application; Centrifugal, Screw, Reciprocating 
                                         Design considerations and standards
                                         Operation and troubleshooting 
                        0 Electric motors
                                           Types and application
                                           Operation and troubleshooting 
                       0 Condition Monitoring 
                       0 Vibration monitoring 
                       0 lubricating oil analysis 
                       0 Troubleshooting 
                       0 Methodology and guidelines 
                       0 Reliability improvement


          • Degradation and Condition Assessment of Process Equipment
                      0 Degradation processes 
                      0 Corrosion, erosion, fatigue, hydrogen attack 
                      0 Overview of API 571 
                      0 Industrial Failures and Failure Prevention 
                      0 Inspection and Testing 
                      0 Inspection strategies, plans and coverage – Real function of inspection 
                      0 Nondestructive Testing (NDT) methods and their characteristics and applicability 
                      0 Risk Based Inspection (RBI) 
                      0 Overview of API 580 and API 581 
                      0 Fitness-For-Service Assessment 
                      0 Overview of API 579 
                      0 Worked examples 
                      0 Maintenance Strategies and Best Practices 
                      0 Optimum mix of reactive, preventive and predictive methods 
                      0 Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM)
                      0 Failure Mechanics
                      0 Wear & Failure Mechanisms 
                                         Imperfections and Defects
                                         Corrosion Mechanisms
                     0 Failure Modes
                                         Fatigue
                                         Fretting
                                         Creep & Thermal fatigue, 
                                         Stress Corrosion Cracking, Other modes 
                    0 Material properties, and selection
                                         Carbon & Alloy steels
                                         Nickel, Titanium, and Specialty alloys
                                         Aluminum, aluminum alloys
                                         Copper, copper alloys
                                         Plastic piping
                                         Alternative options-linings, cladding
                                         Limitations and safeguards 
                                         Material selection - economics-life cycle costing 
                      0  Failure Prevention by Design
                      0 Failure Causes – Design, Operation; Maintenance, Other Causes 
                      0 Material properties, and selection
                                         Physical properties and limitations of components
                                         Physical properties of steel and alloy piping and tubing
                                         Physical properties of fittings 
                      0 Basic Design
                                         Pressure Vessels 
                                         Piping Systems
                                         Liquid Storage Tanks 
                      0 Operation and Maintenance of Process Equipment 
                      0 Damage Mechanisms Affecting Process Equipment


          • Process Equipment Failures
                        0 Failures in Pressure Vessels, Piping and Boilers 
                        0 Strength reduction through material loss 
                        0 Case histories 
                        0 Piping System Vibration 
                        0 Mechanical & Flow Induced Resonance 
                        0 Transient Hydraulic pulsation 
                        0 Pipe supports and restraints 
                        0 Wind Loading 
                        0 Industry Practices for Failure Prevention


          • Inspection, Assessment and Maintenance
                      0 Inspection Strategies Plans and Procedures – Risk Based Inspection (API 580) 
                                       Developing an RBI Plan
                                       Fitness-For-Service Assessment(API 579) 
                      0 NDT Methods and Techniques
                                       Probability of Detection
                                       Damage Characterization
                                       Selecting the correct technique(s) 
                      0 Pigging of Pipelines
                                       Smart pigging 
                                       Cleaning
                                       Operational procedures.


          • Operation and Maintenance
                      0 Maintenance Programs 
                      0 Repair and Alteration of Pressure Equipment and Piping 
                                       Rerating Piping and Pressure Vessels
                                       Estimation of Consequences of Pressure Vessels and Piping Failures
                                        Failure Analysis Techniques